How to Keep a Pet Snail – A Beginner’s Guide

How to Keep a Pet Snail - A Beginner's Guide

If you’re considering getting a pet, why not think outside the box and consider a pet snail? Snails can make fascinating and low-maintenance companions, perfect for individuals of all ages. In this beginner’s guide, we will explore everything you need to know about keeping a pet snail, from their habitat requirements to their dietary needs and more. So, let’s dive in and discover the wonderful world of pet snails!

Choosing the Right Snail

When it comes to keeping a pet snail, the first step is to choose the right snail species. There are various types of snails that make great pets, such as the garden snail (Helix aspersa) and the mystery snail (Pomacea bridgesii). Consider factors like size, lifespan, and activity levels when selecting your snail companion.

It’s important to note that some species of snails are illegal to keep as pets in certain areas, so make sure to research the local regulations before acquiring a snail. Additionally, avoid collecting snails from the wild, as this can disturb the ecosystem and introduce unwanted pests into your home.

Creating the Ideal Habitat

Snails have specific habitat requirements that need to be met for them to thrive. Here’s a step-by-step guide to creating the ideal habitat for your pet snail:

1. Choose the Right Enclosure

Snails require an enclosed space to live in, as they are sensitive to temperature and humidity fluctuations. A glass or plastic terrarium with a secure lid is an excellent choice. Make sure the enclosure is well-ventilated to prevent excess moisture buildup.

2. Provide a Substrate

Add a layer of substrate to the bottom of the enclosure. Coconut fiber or organic potting soil are ideal choices, as they retain moisture well. The substrate should be moist but not waterlogged. Snails require a humid environment to prevent dehydration.

  • Example: Coconut fiber or organic potting soil
  • Example: Moist but not waterlogged

3. Maintain the Right Temperature and Humidity

Snails thrive in temperatures between 70°F and 85°F (21°C and 29°C) with a humidity level of around 70%. Use a thermometer and hygrometer to monitor the temperature and humidity levels in the enclosure. Mist the habitat with water daily to maintain the desired humidity.

  • Example: Temperature between 70°F and 85°F (21°C and 29°C)
  • Example: Humidity level of around 70%

4. Provide Hiding Places

Snails are nocturnal creatures and require hiding places to feel safe and secure during the day. Add various items like rocks, pieces of bark, or hollow logs to the enclosure to create hiding spots for your pet snail.

  • Example: Rocks
  • Example: Pieces of bark
  • Example: Hollow logs

5. Include a Water Dish

Snails need a source of fresh water to drink and soak in. Place a shallow dish filled with dechlorinated water in the enclosure. Make sure to clean and refill the water dish regularly to prevent bacterial growth.

  • Example: Shallow dish
  • Example: Dechlorinated water

6. Add Decorations

Enhance the aesthetic appeal of the snail’s habitat by adding decorations like plants, small branches, or artificial moss. Snails enjoy climbing and exploring their surroundings, so providing a stimulating environment is essential for their well-being.

  • Example: Plants
  • Example: Small branches
  • Example: Artificial moss

7. Ensure Proper Lighting

Snails require a day and night cycle to regulate their activity and sleep patterns. Place the enclosure in a well-lit area, but avoid direct sunlight, as it can cause overheating. Use a fluorescent or LED light to provide the necessary illumination.

  • Example: Well-lit area
  • Example: Fluorescent or LED light

Feeding Your Pet Snail

Proper nutrition is essential for the health and well-being of your pet snail. Here’s what you need to know about feeding your snail:

1. Choose the Right Food

Snails are herbivores and primarily feed on fruits, vegetables, and leafy greens. Offer a variety of foods to ensure a balanced diet. Some suitable options include lettuce, cucumbers, carrots, and spinach.

  • Example: Lettuce
  • Example: Cucumbers
  • Example: Carrots
  • Example: Spinach

2. Provide Calcium

Calcium is crucial for the growth and maintenance of a snail’s shell. To ensure your pet snail receives enough calcium, provide a calcium supplement or offer crushed eggshells for them to consume.

  • Example: Calcium supplement
  • Example: Crushed eggshells

3. Offer a Snack Dish

Place a shallow dish in the enclosure to serve as a snack dish for your snail. This will prevent the food from getting mixed with the substrate and make it easier for you to clean up any uneaten food.

  • Example: Shallow dish

4. Monitor Feeding Habits

Observe your snail’s feeding habits to ensure they are eating enough. Snails have a slow metabolism, and it may take them several hours or even days to finish a meal. Remove any uneaten food after 24 hours to prevent spoilage.

  • Example: Observe feeding habits
  • Example: Remove uneaten food after 24 hours

Maintaining a Healthy Environment

To keep your pet snail happy and healthy, it’s important to maintain a clean and safe environment. Here are some tips to help you maintain a healthy environment:

1. Clean the Enclosure Regularly

Remove any uneaten food, feces, or debris from the enclosure regularly. Snails are sensitive to ammonia buildup, so maintaining cleanliness is crucial. Replace the substrate every few months to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria.

  • Example: Remove uneaten food
  • Example: Clean feces and debris
  • Example: Replace substrate every few months

2. Handle with Care

When handling your pet snail, make sure your hands are clean and free from any potentially harmful substances like soap or lotion. Snails are delicate creatures, so handle them gently and avoid dropping or squeezing them.

  • Example: Clean hands
  • Example: Handle gently

3. Monitor for Signs of Illness

Regularly check your snail for any signs of illness or injury. Look out for symptoms like shell damage, excessive mucus production, changes in appetite or behavior, or lethargy. If you notice any of these signs, consult a veterinarian who specializes in exotic pets.

  • Example: Shell damage
  • Example: Excessive mucus production
  • Example: Changes in appetite or behavior
  • Example: Lethargy


Keeping a pet snail can be a rewarding and educational experience. By providing the right habitat, feeding them a balanced diet, and maintaining a healthy environment, you can ensure the well-being of your pet snail. Remember to handle them with care and monitor their health regularly. So, why not take the plunge and embark on a snail-keeping adventure? Your new pet snail is waiting to join your family!

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